Cultural resources include landscapes and places, archaeological sites and objects, and historical buildings and structures that are generally more than 50 years old. Approximately 823 known archaeological sites have been identified on training ranges within the range complex and are being evaluated. To date, 67 of the sites are eligible for the National Register of Historic Places, 258 have been determined not eligible, and 498 are currently unevaluated. It has been estimated that 2,300 additional archaeological sites exist on the nearly 241,000 ac. (97,415 ha) at Naval Air Station (NAS) Fallon and the FRTC.
The Navy participates in a programmatic agreement with the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. The agreement requires the identification, evaluation, and treatment of historic properties on lands managed by NAS Fallon to ensure protection of cultural resources and coordination between the Navy and the State Historic Preservation Office.
The Navy works closely with local tribes on mutual interests and has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe regarding Native American burials and materials found within the Fallon Range Training Complex. The Navy also has a Memorandum of Agreement with the Walker River Paiute Tribe for the safe removal of munitions found on tribal lands.
The Navy is aware that military training activities may have an effect on cultural resources, and works with federal and state agencies to protect sensitive resources in the range complex.